4. Pubfair community design process

1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 2 Pubfair engages key stakeholders in the design process and in defining the functional requirements of the system. An agile, user-centered technical development and implementation could be applied in the development of Pubfair in order to ensure a publishing ecosystem that is responsive to user needs. This reflects Star and Bowker’s notion of research infrastructure, which is not absolute, but relative to a scholar’s working conditions, meaning that it should never stand apart from the people who design, maintain and use it (mostly the researchers). Star and Bowker (2006) argue that effective infrastructures blend into current practices and should, if working, be invisible. For this reason, infrastructures are often neglected in the study of scholarly and scientific communication. According to Star and Ruhleder (1996), the salient features of infrastructures are it’s embeddedness, transparency and spatial and temporal scope. Infrastructures only become visible in moments where they do not work, either due to breakdown or overload (e.g., a traffic jam on a highway) or instances of disruption (e.g., new transportation vehicles that make cars obsolete). Several scholars have conceptualized this scenario of disruption as infrastructural inversion (Bowker, 1994; Star and Ruhleder, 1996; Kaltenbrunner, 2015; Atsuro (2017).  The digital transformation and transition to open access can be regarded as such infrastructural inversion for scholarly communication. It creates the conditions to reexamine the infrastructure for scholarly communication and imagine novel solutions to current shortcomings.

2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 The Pubfair model proposes a configuration of research infrastructure that facilitates current and emerging scholarly communication practices, supported over the long term by distributed research institutions from around the world. Aspects such as (i) citation and interlinking of literature, datasets, software, services, (ii) reproducibility of science, and (iii) transparent evaluation of science, can be supported by reliable community paradigms and services. To that end, Pubfair supports public trust and greater use of scientific outputs beyond the academy through the development and adoption of transparent standards and practices developed by the communities it serves in order to validate findings. It is a central fact about infrastructures that they are not just the technical architecture but represent people’s discursive and work practices. As such, the research community and other stakeholders are integral to the design of the Pubfair services.

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